International cooperation

EU-US cooperation

The collaboration between Compass4D and the Department of Transport (DoT) of the United States of America has been established in the frame of the EU-US agreement on cooperative research in ICT for transport applications signed in January 2009. This agreement focused on four ICT-for-transport-related topics: (1) autonomous systems, (2) cooperative systems, (3) field operational tests and (4) the impact of research results on road transport's energy consumption, CO2 reduction, safety and efficiency. In November 2009, US DoT RITA and the EC DG INFSO signed the “EU-US joint declaration on research in cooperative systems” and expressed support for the development of global open standards for such systems. Since then, an EU-US Task Force has been created with the objectives to support harmonised standardisation following the EU-US Harmonisation Action Plan (HAP), agree on common cooperative safety and sustainability applications; support joint EU-US showcases and facilitate trilateral cooperation with Japan.


During its three years of project activities, Compass4D has supported this Task Force by informing the US DoT about its work plans and achievements and by being actively involved in the Sustainability Working Group (SWG). In its activities, Compass4D has also built on the experience gained in the deployment of cooperative ITS in Ann Arbor during the safety pilot model deployment. The EU-US SWG has conducted joint activities on the development and eventual deployment of cooperative transportation and communication technologies to achieve a balance among the system performance goals of reduced environmental impact, improved mobility, and enhanced net societal benefit. To this end, the SWG has focused its work on identifying, researching, quantifying, and evaluating the environmental benefits of an ITS application or scenario that would improve the operation and performance of an environmentally-optimised transport network, resulting in the following six white papers:

  1. Comparison of Major Research and Deployment-Related Environmentally Focused Connected Vehicle Projects in the United States and European Union
  2. Comparison of Connected Vehicle Test Beds and Anticipated Field Operational Tests and Deployments in the United States and European Union that Address Aspects of Environmental Benefits
  3. Comparison of Evaluation Methods and Results with Respect to Connected Vehicle Technologies Applications, Scenarios, and Benefits for the Environment
  4. Status of Basic Environmental Messages and Opportunities for Standards Harmonization (development of this white paper was closely coordinated with the Standards WG)
  5. Discussion of What Is Being Learned and Researched in the European Union and United States with Respect to Connected Vehicle Applications, Human Behavior, and Achieving Environmental Outcomes
  6. Concept of Operations for the Joint EU-US Demonstration at the 2015 ITS World Congress


The Concept of Operations resulted into and a joint US-EU Environmental Visualization Demonstration (EVD) performed during the 22nd ITS World Congress in Bordeaux (5-9 October 2015).



Environmental Visualization Demonstration (source  

EU-Japan Cooperation

A Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) on “cooperative systems in the field of intelligent transport systems” was signed by the European Commission, DG Information Society and Media (EC DG INFSO) and the Road Bureau, Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) in Lyon France, on 9 June 2011. This MoC focuses on research cooperation in ITS, in particular cooperative systems. The partners intended to identify benefiting research and development areas; share information on research projects, results and benefits; involve stakeholders in their cooperative activities; and, last but not least, support strongly the development of globally open standards.

The Compass4D project was invited to propose one or two pilot sites in order to participate to a "Best practice showcase" set up by the Japanese Ministry of Energy Trade and Industry (METI) with ITS Japan. Compass4D proposed as candidate cities the pilots of Copenhagen and Bordeaux. The aim of this competition was to reward the pilot/city with the best implementation of the validation methodology to estimate CO2 reduction by ITS measures. The reference methodology was established and the international joint report published as an outcome of the Energy ITS project (2008-2012) sponsored by Japanese government METI in cooperation with the EC as an outcome of the ECOSTAND project (2010-2013).

Compass4D has taken into consideration for its evaluation the proposed methodology developed in ECOSTAND based on FESTA methodology adapted to CO2 reduction measures. The idea to make a comparison is still considered a very good way of ensuring that the proposed methodology is correctly used. It is in fact much more difficult to compare the results of CO2 reduction measures between cities as they depend very much on the city topography, network, weather conditions, driving style, etc. which is to a much lesser extend the case for safety applications.

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